-Size: 7¾"L x 5¼"W x 5½"H
-Species: Homo sapiens (“
-Notes: This female skull from Bolivia, reported to be 1200 years old, is of interest to physical anthropologists as well as to paleopathologists. In addition to showing trephination, the skull also exhibits cranial deformation (elongation due to being bound). The skull is unusual as the trephination (surgical perforation of the skull) was done by scraping the bone until the brain was exposed. The patient clearly lived on as the bone shows healing. Evidence of this surgical practice has been found in skulls thousands of years old from around the world.
-Size: 10½"L x 5½"W x 9½"H -Species: Homo sapiens (“Wise Man”) -Notes: This extraordinary trauma skull was found exposed by road equipment on a ranch in Chama, New Mexico. The skeleton was destroyed, but the skull and artifact remained in place and intact. The ax head is consistent with material culture of...
-Size: 8"L x 6"W x 8"H -Species: Homo sapiens (“Wise Man”) -Notes: Aged somewhere between 72 AD and 472 AD, this skull was unearthed near the Coliseum in Rome, Italy. This skull is from a formal grave yard for known coliseum gladiators. Experts infer from the skull, that the individual was a...
-Size: 7½"L x 5½"W x 7"H -Species: Homo sapiens (“Wise Man”) -Notes: This human male skull exhibits the trauma associated with a medium caliber bullet wound. A sharply circumscribed semicircular defect (entry wound) appears in the left side of the frontal bone and a larger, more irregular defect (exit wound) is found...